As the authoritative voice of the natural health industry, the HFMA supports the interests of its members with legislators and regulators; promotes industry best practice for product quality and safety; and provides responsible information for consumers.
Probiotics - Best Practice Standard
PROBIOTIC FOOD SUPPLEMENTS
Owing to previous unsubstantiated claims on Probiotic food supplement products, an HFMA working Group has produced the following specification applying to Probiotic Food Supplement products wishing to achieve the HFMA standard.
This standard applies to the manufacture, packing, labelling and distribution of Probiotic finished product presented for sale to consumers. It may be necessary to advise separate storage conditions for different stages of the supply chain to ensure the final product standards are met (eg refrigeration at the manufacturing premises and wholesaler).
FOOD LABELLING GUIDELINES
Best Practice Standard for products providing bacterial strains
This standard applies to the manufacture, packing, labelling and distribution of finished products providing bacterial strains and presented for sale to consumers.
It may be necessary to advise separate storage conditions for different stages of the supply chain to ensure the final product standards are met (e.g. refrigeration at the manufacturing premises and wholesaler).
The product should be manufactured and packed in line with HFMA’s guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP).
The pack size and materials of the container must be appropriate for the stated shelf life.
The product should be labelled according to the requirements of the Food Supplements (England) Regulations (SI 2003/1387).
The product should be marked with its “Best before date” indicating the end of its shelf-life for the claimed level of active organisms.
The product should be marked with the storage conditions necessary to achieve the claimed level of active organisms until the “Best before date” on the product.
The product should be clearly marked with the strain(s) of organisms that it contains.
The product should be marked with the quantity of organisms, in total, that are available in the product until the end of shelf-life.
Labels should indicate quantities of organisms as 10x (e.g. 10 7= 10,000,000).
Total labelled organisms should not be less than 10 7 in total per unit/daily dose.
Individual levels of labelled organisms should not be less than 10 4 per unit/daily dose.
The product should be suitably marked with the conditions for use (e.g. with food, on an empty stomach, time of day for dosage, with water) if this affects the viability of the product during gastro-intestinal transit. [It is normal to recommend taking the product with food/meals unless the dosage form is treated to protect it from stomach acidity (enteric coating)]
All strains included in the product should:
• be listed and identified with international depository numbers for each strain.
• have been obtained from a supplier from clearly identified, listed strains confirmed by a laboratory with UKAS accreditation or appropriate experience for micro-organism strain identification and measurement.
• not have demonstrated any toxicity nor have any pathogenic variants, potentially harmful metabolites.
Identification & Measurement of Organisms
The organisms contained in the product should have been identified against an authenticated sample by the supplier or bacterial strain product manufacturer before input.
The organisms (contained in the product) should have confirmed viability under the storage conditions stated for the period of the shelf life of the product (up to “Best before date”) and measured by an UKAS accredited or suitably experienced laboratory. These viability tests should be carried out on organisms in the product or where this is impractical (e.g. for multi-strain products) on the individual strains under similar conditions.
Records of identification and measurement of the active organisms used in products should be retained for the same period as the product batch records.
The guidance in this document reflects HFMA LAPAD opinion only of applicable regulatory requirements. Enforcement and interpretation of legislation is a matter for the appropriate regulatory body and/or the courts. The legal responsibility for the labelling and presentation of foodstuffs remains with the food business operator.